sales of cosmetics in 1900 stood at about 0,000.” However, beginning around 1900, the cosmetic industry emerged and rapidly expanded, as “women’s growing interest in beauty products coincided with their new sense of identity as consumers.” By around the mid-1920s, retail cosmetics sales were estimated at about 5,000,000 per year and about 0,000,000 in 1940. The federal regulatory gap created by the 1906 Act’s exclusion of cosmetics grew in significance as the industry grew in size during the early 20 century.
This gap was quickly felt by “the very agency charged with enforcement” of the Act, the Bureau of Chemistry: “In annual reports as early as 1918, the bureau bemoaned both a lack of funding and a lack of true protection for consumers.
(e) If it is not a hair dye and it is, or it bears or contains, a color additive which is unsafe within the meaning of section 721(a). § 362. A cosmetic shall be deemed to be misbranded-- (a) If its labeling is false or misleading in any particular.
(b) If in package form unless it bears a label containing (1) the name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor; and (2) an accurate statement of the quantity of the contents in terms of weight, measure, or numerical count: Provided, That under clause (2) of this paragraph reasonable variations shall be permitted, and exemptions as to small packages shall be established, by regulations prescribed by the Secretary.
Casey Mee Lee Daum Class of 20 Food & Drug Law: This paper is submitted in satisfaction of the course requirement and the third year written work requirement.
ABSTRACT The 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act brought the cosmetic industry under the regulatory jurisdiction of the FDA.
In fact, a major purpose of this Act was the regulation of cosmetics in response to some early twentieth century tragedies involving unsafe cosmetic products. The major provisions of the 1938 Act regarding FDA regulation of cosmetics involve adulteration and misbranding of cosmetics. This product must not be used for dyeing the eyelashes or eyebrows; to do so may cause blindness", and the labeling of which bears adequate directions for such preliminary testing.
This regime of voluntary self-regulation has recently been criticized by groups such as the Environmental Working Group as ineffective and inadequate for the protection of consumer safety.
This paper will examine the current framework of limited FDA regulation and extensive efforts at industry self-regulation in order to determine whether such framework is a necessary and effective reality or only an illusory form of regulation in need of replacement or change.
Cuticle removers removed fingernails and fingertips along with cuticles.
Acetone, carbolic acid, coal-tar dyes, formaldehyde, and mercury were common ingredients....